Peritoneal adhesions are the most common cause of mechanical obstruction of the small intestine. They occur in about 90% of the patients following abdominal surgery, but they may also form due to inflammation, radiation and abdominal trauma. Patients usually complain of chronic, recurring abdominal pain and disturbed bowel movements. If peritoneal adhesion are untreated they may lead to intestinal obstruction with ischemia and necrosis of intestine.
The adhesiolysis is performed under general anesthesia as a laparoscopic surgery. The surgeon creates the pneumoperitoneum and introduces trocars for camera and surgical tools. The abdominal cavity is controlled and the peritoneal and intestinal adhesion are released.