Blepharoplasty is a surgical procedure that involves removing the excess skin on the upper lids, lower lids or both with simultaneous excision of fatty deposits of the eye area. This surgery improves the appearance of eyes making them look refreshed and younger. Eyelid surgery is often combined with other facial surgeries, such as a facelift or a browlift.
Who is a candidate?
Eyelid surgery is a popular surgical procedure among both, men and women, usually between 40 and 70 years old, who struggle with the “tired” eyes appearance. During the upper lids surgery the excess skin is removed which in some cases limits the filed of the view. In the case of lower lids surgery, bags and dark circles under the eyes are removed.
Before the surgery
The plastic surgeon will thoroughly analyze your medical history as well as the condition of your eyelids.
You will also receive detailed information that will help you to properly prepare for the procedure. It includes:
-list of contraindicated drugs,
-proper wound care technique,
-eating and drinking restrictions day before the surgery.
Additionally, you may be asked to undergo ophthalmological examination to assess visual acuity, visual field or lacrimal organ function.
The course of the surgery
There are several methods of blepharoplasty with different types of surgical incisions. Your plastic surgeon will thoroughly analyze your face with emphasis on the eyebrows and eyelids region and will offer you the most suitable method of the procedure. The upper eyelid can be corrected through an incision within the natural crease on the eyelid making them difficult to see when healed properly. In case of lover eyelids the incisions can be made on the inside of the eyelid.
Blepharoplasty is usually an outpatient operation. You will not be able to drive a car after the surgery, therefore someone should accompany you to and from the surgery.
Type of the anesthesia
The procedure is usually performed under local anesthesia. In certain cases it may be performed with the use of additional analgosedation or under the general anesthesia.
After the surgery
In most cases, patients experience discomfort in the operated region, but it is usually well controlled with medication. Some swelling and bruising may also occur, but it usually subsides within a week.
Most patients are able to go back to work within 7-10 days after the surgery. Intense physically activity should be limited for about 4 weeks.
The aim of eyelid surgery is to improve the appearance of the eyes. However, it should be remembered that blepharoplasty is considered to be a major operation. You should carefully discuss your expectations with the plastic surgeon before the procedure. The complications are rare. Apart from the risks associated with anesthesia, bleeding, wound infection and asymmetry of the eyelids may occur.
The eyelid surgery results in rejuvenated and fresh look of the upper and lower eyelid areas.