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A facelift is a surgical procedure that improves visible signs of aging in the face and neck, such as loose and sagging skin in the cheeks, lower part of the face and neck. The surgery smoothes the skin of the cheeks, gives the shape of the jaw area by stretching excess skin and improves the tension of the neck skin. Facelift is often combined with other surgeries such as browlift and/or blepharoplasty.

Who is a candidate?
The surgery is usually performed in patients between 45 and 80 years old. A potential candidate is an individual who has experienced discomfort caused by excess sagging face skin. The aim of the surgery is to ensure younger and energetic face look.

Before the surgery
The plastic surgeon will thoroughly analyze your medical history as well as the condition of your general health.

You will also receive detailed information that will help you to properly prepare for the procedure. It includes:

-quitting smoking,

-list of contraindicated drugs,

-proper wound care technique, -eating and drinking restrictions day before the surgery

In some cases, additional treatments are recommended to complement the surgery, but your plastic surgeon will let you know in advance.

The course of the surgery
There are several methods of performing face and neck lift that differ in the course of skin incisions. However, skin incisions are usually made in front of and behind the ears and under the chin. The type of the surgery is selected individually based on your expectations and anatomical conditions. Your plastic surgeon will discuss the type of surgery during the preoperative consultation.

Type of the anesthesia
The procedure is performed under general anesthesia.

After the surgery
In most cases, moderate pain in the operated region is observed for 24-48 hours after the operation. Swelling and bruising of the cheeks and neck tissues are usually mild and subside within a week.
Patients are usually able to return to social life after 10-14 days. Intense physical activity is possible after approximately 6 weeks.

Possible complications
Facelift usually improves the appearance of the cheeks, jawline, and neck area, but remember that it is considered a major operation. Before the surgery, carefully consider your expectations regarding the results of the procedure and discuss them with your plastic surgeon.
Facelift complications are usually rare, however a face/neck asymmetry may occur (that is usually present before the surgery). The surgery also carries the risk of facial nerve injury. The symptoms of nerve injury usually resolve spontaneously, but in some cases additional surgery may be required. Potential complications include also: temporary loss of sensation, unfavorable scar, hair loss at the incisions and complications related to anesthesia.
Not every patient qualifies for a face/neck lift, and your possible complications may differ from other patients. Your plastic surgeon will explain the possible risks and complications of the surgery before the operation.

Expected results
Facelift will help you get younger and more refreshed appearance of your face. The surgery will leave scars, but they are usually hidden in natural skin concavities, and with time become unnoticeable. A facelift/necklift cannot stop the aging process.