Varicose veins known as varicoses are pathologically dilated venous vessels of the superficial system that are enlarged and twisted. Varicoses form as a result of reduction in venous wall flexibility and insufficiency of superficial venous system valves. Risk factors for varicose veins formation include female sex, obesity, pregnancy, prolonged sitting and standing positions and lack of physical activity. Patients usually report following symptoms: heavy legs, ankle swelling, itchiness and dryness, pain in the lower limbs that intensifies after prolonged standing.
Conservative treatment for varicose veins includes: compression therapy, lower limbs elevation, mild physical activity and use of phlebotonics and anti-inflammatory drugs.
If the conservative treatment is ineffective, patient may be scheduled for surgical procedure such as:
- laser ablation,
- classic surgery.
The decision about the treatment method and type of surgical procedure is made individually during the consultation with the surgeon.